It is our civic duty to criticise, even oppose government, should we discern it is not heading in the direction we want it to go. And because our polity is still democratic, and most of us who have voice to speak still seem to value plurarlism over authoritarianism, then in theory all of us who count ourselves as part of this society are free to express our grievances against the government.
We cannot blame government for everything that goes wrong with our lives, but we can blame it for its failure to perform its public functions and failure to deliver on its public duties. When we mean public we mean everything that affects all our lives. What these duties and functions are depends on what we the Filipino people have agreed on. The Philippine Constitution is a good place to start.
An example of when we can legitimately blame government is when it fails to adequately deliver public services - i.e. good roads. If your national road has been baku-bako for decades, then you can blame government.
How our taxes are spent is probably the most personal of all public duties of government. Why should we blame government for the ZTE deal? Because each time our taxes are automatically deducted from our monthly salary and each time we pay VAT for every purchase, the funds should be spent on fixing your baku-bako road. Instead it goes to the fat cats running the show in Malacanang. Even more insidious is that government also has the power to borrow money on our behalf as the people, and spend the borrowed money as it sees fit. If it borrowed money to pay for the ZTE deal, and then pass on the expense to the public, we should not only be morally affronted but recognise that we have been personally robbed.
Nagpapakahirap ka'ng kumayod araw-araw, tapos yung 10 percent ++ ng kita mo ibibigay mo sa mga magnanakaw sa gobyerno?
Who wouldn't blame government for that?
Edited to add:
The ZTE deal was overpriced by US$130 million dollars. That is the sum we, the Public, were supposed to shoulder on behalf of our officials/thieves who cannot moderate greed.
Given today's exchange rate that amounts to: